Get to know Banten Traditional Clothing, Meanings, and 6 Types of Woven Fabrics

Banten traditional clothing – Banten traditional clothing consists of traditional clothing typical of the Sundanese and Baduy tribes. The following below is a more complete review, both the Sundanese and the Baduy tribe who are also known as the Kanekes people, or the indigenous tribes that inhabit one of the areas in Lebak Regency, Banten.

The Baduy people themselves live in very strong customary rules and are far from modern life. In addition to his behavior, the items used, also include traditional clothes that are worn every day, also have their own characteristics.

Typical Baduy Banten Traditional Clothing

The Baduy tribe itself consists of two groups, namely the Inner and Outer Baduy. These two groups then have the most striking difference is the style of dress. In appearance, the Inner Baduy will wear all-white clothes and headbands, while the Outer Baduy will wear black clothes and blue headbands. For more details about Banten traditional clothing, including the Baduy, below is a more complete review:

Baduy Dalam Men’s Typical Banten Traditional Clothing

Men of the Banten tribe, around the Inner Baduy generally wear long-sleeved clothes in all white. Because of its white color and how to use it only by hanging it or attaching it to the body, this shirt is also known as jamang sangsang.

The design is very simple, only holes are made in the neck area to the chest area, no collars, buttons are not used, and are not equipped with clothing pockets. In the manufacturing process, it must be sewn by hand, cannot be sewn using a machine, and the basic material must be made of real cotton that is woven directly.

At the bottom then use a similar cloth with a black-blue sarong and only wrapped around the waist. So that it is strong and does not often sag, the sarong is then tied using a piece of cloth. They do not wear pants, because it is considered a taboo.

Baduy men themselves often use white headbands and also function as a covering for their long hair. In addition, it is also equipped with a scarf that is worn around the neck area. The color of the clothes of the Inner Baduy is all white which also symbolizes their holy life and is not influenced by outside culture.

Banten Traditional Clothing Typical of Baduy Dalam Women

According to the West Java Cultural Value Preservation Center, Banten women’s clothing around Baduy Dalam is similar to a sarong, which is also called a side hideung. Side hideung itself is a woven cloth with a black color that can be used as clothing also by the men and women of the Inner Baduy.

But still more worn by women. Because the Baduy Dalam tribe is then prohibited from wearing clothes from the outside, so that the beside hideung is the only thing they wear. Hideung side itself is made by sewing both ends of the wide side by hand. So that it resembles a sarong. The side model of hideung is also made to resemble a sarong, to make it easier for them to move, walk and do activities.

Banten Traditional Clothing Typical Outer Baduy Men

The rules for dressing the Outer Baduy are generally made looser when compared to the Inner Baduy. They then wear machine-stitched clothes made of non-sticky materials, only pure cotton. This then also shows that their lives have been influenced by outside cultures.

Banten traditional clothing typical of the Outer Baduy tribe for men is black. Therefore it is also known as bat clothes or shucks clothes. Kampret clothes are generally worn by Baduy men together with a dark blue headband with batik patterns. The design of this shirt is then split in two downwards, like the usual clothes worn by people, also equipped with pockets and buttons.

When traveling, men generally carry a weapon in the form of a machete at their waist, as well as a handmade knitted bag that is attached to the shoulder area. This bag also usually contains a knife, betel nut, white incense and flint. Sometimes the inside of the bag contains kejo ​​lead, white rice with a little salt as provisions on the trip.

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Banten Traditional Clothing Typical of Outer Baduy Women

Traditional Clothing Women from Banten in the Outer Baduy Tribe wear a dress similar to a blue-black sarong from the heel area to the chest. These clothes are also often used for everyday clothes in the house.

There are significant differences in clothing between married and unmarried women. Married women generally leave their chest area open, while for girls the chest area must be closed. For traveling clothing, Outer Baduy women usually wear kebaya, a woven cloth with a black-blue sarong, karembong, and a belt and scarf.

Unlike women in the Inner Baduy Region, they often wear a bit of jewelery made of white steel or silver metal, such as bracelets, rings, necklaces and earrings. Meanwhile, children’s clothes are also similar to their parents. Boys often imitate their father’s clothes while girls often imitate their mother’s clothes.

Banten Traditional Clothing for Brides

The picture above is a description of the clothes that are often used by a pair of brides who will hold a wedding reception. Basically, Banten traditional clothes are indeed similar to Sundanese traditional brides. This is because formerly Banten traditional clothing was quite influenced by Sundanese customs, so it’s not surprising that this clothing later bears a resemblance to Sundanese traditional clothing.

In addition to traditional clothing for men, they generally have additional bridal clothing, such as a koko shirt with a collar as the top, and side cloth as the bottom. Head coverings, belts and belts made of batik cloth with similar patterns are also often used, in addition to Keris slippers or machetes used as accessories.

Meanwhile, in Banten women’s traditional clothing, they often use bridal accessories that are commonly used, such as kebaya clothes for parts with side cloth tops or can also be batik for subordinates, shawls that are slung over the shoulders as head coverings also generally consisting of rocking flowers with golden colors and there is an arrangement of jasmine flowers which are generally tucked into the bun.

Modern Banten Traditional Clothing

The people of Banten often use their own traditional clothes, which are generally also used for weddings. The Banten wedding dress itself consists of traditional men’s clothing which is also equipped with various other accessories, namely head coverings, koko shirts, side cloths, belts and slippers.

While for women there are decorations in the form of rocking flowers, jasmine flower arrangements, kebaya, lower clothes, slippers and scarves. For today’s modern Banten traditional clothes, there are additional accessories with the aim of beautifying the appearance. However, basically the materials and motifs used are the same as Banten traditional clothes.

Understanding the traditional Banten clothes typical of the Baduy tribe in white and black colors, sometimes there is also a touch of dark blue in the clothes worn. These colors themselves are symbols of life. Black is a symbol of darkness or before there is light. While the white color symbolizes after there is light, purity and honesty.

In addition, the Baduy tribe also uses dominant colors, especially in the manufacture of woven fabrics, such as red. For the Baduy people, red is also the color of fire or blood.

Pangsi clothes are not only known in Banten because these clothes are also known in other areas of West Java as well as the Betawi area. The pangsi shirt itself is generally used as a black garment called Salontreng, as well as pants with the same color or pangsi. The length of these pangsi pants generally reaches the ankles and is only worn by men.

These traditional clothes are also often worn for various daily activities when working or can also be worn to practice martial arts. This pangsi shirt also has a deep meaning and philosophy. For example, on the buttons which symbolize the pillars of Islam and the pillars of faith. Coupled with the hope for every wearer to use a firm stance, always be humble and have faith.

Variety of Woven Fabrics of the Baduy Tribe

In addition to traditional clothing, the Baduy tribe also has a variety of woven fabrics of their own making. Weaving activities are often done at home in their free time by women, but the tools are made by men. The various weaves of the Baduy tribe are as follows.

Diadem

Jamang is a plain white woven cloth used by the Inner Baduy tribe. This jamang weaving itself is often used as a top dress which is also called jamang kampret, headbands are also used to make rectangular cloth to make it easier to carry things.

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Next to Hideung

Samping Hideung is a black woven cloth that is generally used to make various clothes, both for the Inner Baduy and the Outer Baduy. However, most of those who wear beside hideung are women.

Next to Aros

The aros side is a black woven cloth with thin white lines. Side aros itself is only used by the Baduy Dalam tribe and is used by men. Adu Mancung This is also a shawl with a plain black and white motif, and decorated with geometric motifs with threads in red, blue and bright colors. Adu mancung is a shawl used by men at wedding ceremonies for the Outer Baduy tribe.

Suwatan

Susuwatari with a shawl and long plaid cloth. The colors used are also not limited, in other words, there are no special rules that are used to determine the color, size and material. Susuwatan itself can only be used by men from the Outer Baduy tribe.

Side Suat

Samping suat does not have special rules or standards from the ancestors in its use. Side suat itself is a motif that has developed from suwatan. With geometric motifs on the cloth, it underwent a slight change from the shrinkage which was only plaid.

Related Books

My Country Encyclopedia: Traditional Clothing

Did you know that every region in Indonesia has its own characteristics for each of its clothes? Indonesia is indeed rich in cultural heritage, and traditional clothing is also one of them. This book will make you acquainted with traditional clothes that have existed in Indonesia since ancient times.

All the question marks in your head about traditional clothes in Indonesia will be answered through this book, accompanied by pictures that make it easier for you to imagine the shape of the clothes, and complete with historical explanations and the function of the clothes. Equipped with a map where traditional clothing originates.

Come on, get to know the cultural diversity of the archipelago by getting to know the clothes typical of the region! You must know because you are the heirs of Indonesian culture!

Saba Baduy

Imagining visiting the Baduy and exploring it, our imagination will be led to a secluded and peaceful place, surrounded by green groves, the distinctive sounds of nature, the rustling of the wind between bamboo groves, the sonorous and melodious chirping of birds and the sound of the river’s currents.

It is there that a traditional indigenous community lives that is unique and completely different from urban society. However, the Baduy also have a hidden charm that can satisfy our sensory desires and our curiosity.

It is easy to see the customs, culture, and traditions that live in the Baduy people from the three main things that color their daily lives. Namely, a simple life attitude, friendship with nature and the natural, and the spirit of independence. All three of them present an interesting mix of variations to watch, explore, and enjoy.

This book is a record of cultural tourism which is enriched by in-depth exploration of the Baduy community while still respecting their customs, culture and traditions. This book is equipped with watercolor illustrations and photos of the beauty of the Baduy earth so that readers can feel and see the uniqueness of the people and as if they were brought there directly.

In the midst of the crush of modernization, the Baduy persist in simplicity. However, in their simplicity, they are actually “rich”.

Badujs Moslims-Ethnographic Study of Indigenous Peoples in Lebak Parahiang

This book is a translation of Nicolaas Johannes Cornelis Geise’s dissertation, which was originally written in Dutch. In this book, Geise examines the cultural details surrounding the relationship between the Baduy community and the Muslim community in South Banten.

He examines, for example, the divisions between the Kajeroan (inner) and Pendamping (outer) regions along with the details of their institutions, the differences in religious beliefs between the successors of the pre-Islamic tradition and the Muslim community, the forms of ceremonies, stories concerning the origins and conditions of the environment. adat, especially in relation to rice cultivation in huma.

Those are some of Banten’s traditional clothes and various woven fabrics from the Banten or Baduy people which are so beautiful. Sinaumed’s can read books related to traditional clothing and life and other customs of the Baduy and Banten tribes at sinaumedia.com, so you have information #MoreWithReading.