difference between wildlife sanctuary and biosphere reserve

Difference between wildlife sanctuary and biosphere reserve

Wildlife sanctuaries and biosphere reserves are two types of protected areas that aim to conserve biodiversity and maintain ecological balance. Both of these protected areas have their own distinct features, objectives, and management strategies.

Wildlife Sanctuary

A wildlife sanctuary is a protected area that is created with the primary intention of providing a safe haven to wildlife species. It is a designated area where the hunting, killing or capturing of wildlife is strictly prohibited. The main aim of a wildlife sanctuary is to provide a natural habitat to various endangered and threatened species of animals and protect their natural habitat.

Wildlife sanctuaries are typically smaller in size as compared to other protected areas, and they are created specifically for the conservation of wildlife species. These sanctuaries are famous as tourist destinations, and visitors are allowed to enter these regions, but they have to follow strict rules and regulations to avoid disturbing the ecosystem.

Biosphere Reserve

A biosphere reserve is another type of protected area that consists of a core area, buffer zone and transition zone. The core zone is the area that is completely protected and often reserved for scientific research, while the buffer zone surrounds the core zone and is used for limited human activity. The transition zone is the area where the most human activity occurs.

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Biosphere reserves are established with the aim of conserving the natural resources of a region while also promoting the sustainable development of the ecosystem. Unlike wildlife sanctuaries, these reserves are managed by a combination of both governmental and non-governmental organizations. These areas are not entirely closed to human activity and are often used for scientific research, tourism, and even for sustainable agriculture.

The difference between the two

The primary difference between a wildlife sanctuary and a biosphere reserve lies in their objectives. While the former is solely created to protect endangered species and natural habitats, the latter aims at promoting sustainable development in harmony with nature. A wildlife sanctuary is exclusively managed by government organizations, while the management of a biosphere reserve is a collaborative effort between multiple stakeholders.

In terms of human activity, while visitors are allowed to enter wildlife sanctuaries, their activities are heavily regulated to ensure minimum impact on the ecosystem. In contrast, in biosphere reserves, human activity is allowed but only in a sustainable manner, and proper measures are taken to balance the interests of both human beings and the environment.

In conclusion, both wildlife sanctuaries and biosphere reserves play a vital role in the conservation and preservation of natural resources. Although their objectives and management strategies may differ, they both contribute to the sustainable development of the environment. It is the responsibility of every individual to ensure that these protected areas are respected and protected from human exploitation so that future generations can also enjoy a natural and healthy environment.

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Table difference between wildlife sanctuary and biosphere reserve

Wildlife Sanctuary Biosphere Reserve
A protected area where animals are conserved and protected from human activities A protected area that is a combination of natural ecosystems and human settlements
Animals are given complete protection and human activity is restricted Human settlements are allowed while conservation efforts are made for the natural ecosystem
Primary objective is to conserve wildlife Primary objective is to conserve biodiversity and promote sustainable development
Activities like hunting, poaching, and grazing are strictly prohibited Sustainable use of natural resources is encouraged in a controlled manner
Minimal or no human interference Human beings are considered an integral part of the ecosystem and their activities are monitored