## The Difference Between SGPA and CGPA

### What is SGPA?

SGPA stands for Semester Grade Point Average, which is the average of the grades obtained by a student in a particular semester. SGPA is calculated by dividing the total number of credit points earned by a student in a semester by the total number of credit hours studied during the semester. Each course is assigned a certain credit point based on the number of hours of class or theory, laboratory, and practical studies. SGPA is usually calculated on a scale of 10 or 4, depending on the grading system adopted by the institution.

### What is CGPA?

CGPA stands for Cumulative Grade Point Average, which is the average of all the SGPA obtained by a student in multiple semesters. CGPA is calculated by adding the total credit points earned by a student in all the semesters and dividing it by the total credit hours studied in all the semesters. CGPA is also usually calculated on a scale of 10 or 4.

### What is the difference between SGPA and CGPA?

The main difference between SGPA and CGPA is that SGPA is calculated based on the grades obtained by a student in a single semester, while CGPA is calculated based on the grades obtained by a student in all the semesters. SGPA is also used to measure the academic performance of a student in a particular semester, while CGPA is used to measure the overall academic performance of a student throughout the course of their study.

Another difference is in how the grading systems are used. While both SGPA and CGPA are calculated on a scale of 10 or 4, the grading criteria may differ. For example, an A grade in one semester may be equivalent to a certain number of credit points, while the same grade in another semester may be equivalent to a different number of credit points. This variation is usually determined by the institution’s grading policy and is reflected in the way SGPA and CGPA are calculated.

### Conclusion

In summary, SGPA and CGPA are both measures of academic performance, but they differ in terms of what they measure and how they are calculated. SGPA measures the academic performance of a student in a particular semester, while CGPA measures the overall academic performance of a student throughout their course of study. Understanding the differences between them will help students and educators evaluate academic performance and make informed decisions about academic programs and student progress.

## Table difference between sgpa and cgpa

SGPA | CGPA |
---|---|

Stands for Semester Grade Point Average | Stands for Cumulative Grade Point Average |

Calculates the GPA for a single semester | Calculates the overall GPA for the entire course |

Calculated by dividing the total grade points earned by the total credit hours attempted in a single semester | Calculated by dividing the total grade points earned over all semesters by the total credit hours attempted |

Usually used to determine eligibility for scholarships or academic probation | Used to determine overall academic performance and graduation eligibility |

SGPA varies from semester to semester | CGPA remains constant throughout the course of study |