difference between export and import

Understanding the Difference Between Export and Import


International trade has become an indispensable part of our lives. With globalization, countries have started trading goods and services with each other more frequently. However, there are two terms that people often use interchangeably, but their meanings are different – Export and Import. In this article, we will discuss these terms, and the significant differences they bear.


The term “Export” refers to the goods and services produced in one country and sent to another. These goods can be raw materials, finished products, or services. Export is a way for countries to earn foreign exchange by selling their products and services to the world market. Exports have a significant role in improving a country’s economic growth as it leads to higher employment rates and ultimately boosts the living standards of citizens.


The term “Import” refers to bringing in goods and services from a foreign country for local consumption. The reason why countries import goods from other countries is that they might not have the resources or expertise to manufacture these products themselves. Hence, they rely on imports to fulfill their consumption demands. In this case, imports can be anything from raw materials, electronic goods, luxury items, to machinery, and equipment. However, excessive imports can cause domestic businesses to fail, leading to a trade deficit.

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The Differences Between Export and Import

Export and Import have some fundamental differences. One of the primary differences is that exports are produced in one country and sold to other countries, while imports are bought from foreign countries and consumed by domestic citizens. Secondly, exports bring in foreign exchange to the country, while imports are a cost to the country.

Another notable difference is that exports increase the producer’s profits, and with it, the country’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP), while imports can harm domestic entrepreneurs competing with imported products, leading to their loss of business.


To sum it up, exports and imports contribute to international trade and have a significant impact on a country’s economic health. Exports earn foreign exchange, boost the economy and improve living standards, while imports can provide access to products that are not available locally, but can also affect domestic entrepreneurs. Therefore, understanding the difference between export and import is essential for any business or country that wants to engage in international trade.

Table difference between export and import

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Export and import are two terms commonly used in the trade and commerce industry. The key difference between export and import is that export refers to the process of selling goods or services produced in one country to another country, while import refers to the process of buying goods or services produced in another country for use in one’s own country.

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Export and import play crucial roles in the economy of a country. Export generates revenue for a country by selling its goods or services in other countries while import provides a country with necessary goods or services that are not readily available in the country.

Export and import are also important in maintaining trade balance between countries. A country with a higher export than import has a trade surplus, which means it is earning more revenue from exports than spending on imports. On the other hand, a country with a higher import than export has a trade deficit, which means it is spending more on imports than earning from exports.

In summary, export is the process of selling domestically produced goods or services to other countries, while import is the process of buying goods or services produced in another country for use in one’s own country.