19 Image Capturing Techniques in Photography

Shooting technique is an important thing to get a good photo or video. Having a good and interesting photo or video is of course everyone’s desire. Not only for personal interests such as to look cool, but good photos and videos are a requirement in completing assignments or work. In taking a good photo or video, of course we can’t just take it carelessly.

Taking photos or videos also requires some preparation. Preparation for taking photos or making videos includes knowledge and skills related to shooting. In the world of photography, there are techniques that can be learned and applied so that you can produce images that not only look good, but also look professional.

The use of technique in shooting is considered very important, because this technique will determine the focus and a number of other things that you want to take. Therefore, in taking a picture, it is necessary to take into account the shooting angle. To be able to account for it, you need to use the right technique.

By using the right technique, you will be able to produce great and professional photos or videos, no matter what type of camera you use. Do you want to learn shooting techniques? If so, see the explanation below until it’s finished, okay!

Understanding Image Capturing Techniques

Before going into the discussion of various shooting techniques, it helps us to know what is meant by shooting techniques. Whether in photography or videography, there are many creative ways to direct our camera focus on the desired object. For example, by photographing a model from above an object based on spontaneity, that is, there is an interesting point of view if the picture is taken from above.

Shooting techniques are also needed, because the height of an object will make us have to take a shooting angle from a certain height. Different types of shots taken from different angles will convey certain emotions and meanings differently. Therefore, different shooting techniques can be adapted to the purpose of shooting.

Below, we will explain some common shooting techniques for taking photos or videos, which of course you can learn and apply easily. These techniques are categorized by image size and by the angle at which they are shot.

Image Capture Techniques Based on Image Size

1. Extreme Close Up (ECU) Shooting Technique

This technique is a shooting technique from a very close distance. The extreme close up technique is commonly used with the aim of taking pictures of objects which are certain parts in a centralized and very clear manner.

For example, you only want to show the eyes and nose more clearly. The focus of this technical shot is of course very close and very detailed, so if you want to use extreme close up shooting techniques, then you should use a micro lens to get clear details, according to what you want.

2. Big Close Up (BCU) Shooting Technique

The big close up technique can be used for those of you who like to take pictures that are only focused on the face. The big close up technique is a technique that will only take certain parts of the face in detail.

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You don’t have to worry about whether the face will be cropped out of the frame or not. This technique is very suitable if you want to take pictures or with more dramatic results. For example, to show the expression of the model, or the details on the model’s face, such as the appearance of make-up.

3. Close Up (CU) Shooting Techniques

The next technique is close up. The close up technique is a shooting technique that will display the results of a much closer image. If the object is a human, then the result that will be obtained is only from the shoulder to the top of the head.

This close up technique itself can help to display a character’s identity through a person’s facial expressions. This technique is very suitable if you want the object’s face to appear clearer.

4. Medium Close Up (MCU) Shooting Technique

The medium close up technique is a shooting technique which is a combination of the close up technique with the medium shot. The results of images taken with this technique will be much more detailed than medium shots, but will not be as detailed as close-up images.

This technique is commonly used when the purpose of taking a picture is to emphasize a person’s profile picture. In human objects, shooting with this technique is only from the chest to the top of the head. To use this technique, you have to use a camera shot that is medium or not too far away, but with a narrower section.

5. Medium Shot (MS) Image Capturing Technique

Medium shot is a shooting technique that will only take some parts of the object, or in other words it will not take all parts of the object. This technique is usually done to show the figure of a person clearly.

For example, if the object of the photo is a human, then this technique will only take pictures from the waist up to the top of the head. The function of the medium shot technique itself is so that the resulting photo or video does not focus too much on the area around the object and displays details of body parts.

6. Medium Long Shot Shooting Technique

The medium long shot technique is almost the same as the medium shot, but the scope of the resulting image is wider. If you only want to take half of the object, then you can use this medium long shot technique.

The medium long shot technique is a technique that is slightly narrower. If the object of the photo is a human, then you will only take the knee to the top of the head. This technique serves to reinforce an activity object.

7. Long Shot Technique

The next technique is the long shot technique. The long shot technique is a technique of taking from a long distance, which can show a few to many people as a whole in the same frame.

The long shot technique will produce an image that focuses on the object in the photo, while the area around the object is only slightly displayed. The long shot technique serves to convey an interaction between the object and the area around the object.

8. Extreme Long Shot

The extreme long shot technique is almost the same as the long shot technique, but this extreme long shot technique is used to take pictures that cover a much wider area. This technique will display the area around the object with a wider or very wide.

The extreme long shot technique is usually used when you want to display the entire area around an object. For example, to display natural scenery as the background object. To use this technique, you need to determine the right composition, so that the main object of the image can blend with the surrounding area.

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9. Camera Shots

The camera shot taking technique is a technique used when taking pictures which is determined by the distance between the camera and the intended object. This technique serves to produce detailed and perfect images of an object, whether the object is a human or a large natural landscape.

This technique is very dependent on the camera’s coverage distance. So, you need to adjust the distance of your camera, the farther the distance between the camera and the object, the wider the area around the object that will enter the frame. Conversely, the closer the camera is to the object, the smaller the object will enter the frame.

10. One Shot (1S)

The one shot technique is a technique for displaying only one object.

11. Two Shot (2S)

This technique is broader in scope than the one shot technique. The two shot technique will display a scene of two objects involved in a conversation.

12.Group Shot (GS)

As the name implies, the group shot technique will take pictures of objects in the form of a group of people. For example, such as crowds of people, groups of troops, and so forth.

So, that’s Sinaumed’s’ explanation of the capture technique based on image size. Pretty easy to understand right? Next, below will explain the shooting technique based on the shooting angle.

Shooting Techniques Based on the Angle of Shooting (Angle)

1. Frog Eyes

The frog eye technique is a shooting technique in which the camera position is aligned with the base or bottom of the object, and its position is lower than the base of the object. The results of the images taken with this technique will be very large. The subject taking the picture seems very small and the object in the picture has the impression of being big, sturdy, or arrogant.

2. Over-Shoulder

The over shoulder technique will take an image from behind the object’s shoulder. As a result, the object will only appear on the shoulder or head. This technique is usually used to indicate that the object is looking at something or is chatting.

3. Low Angle

As the name implies, the low angle technique is carried out from the bottom corner of the object, thus giving the impression that the object is bigger.

4.High Angle

The opposite of a low angle, a high angle technique will take a picture from an angle above the object. As a result, the object will become smaller. The results of images taken from a high angle will create a dramatic impression and a dwarf impression.

5. Eye Level

The eye level technique is a technique with a position parallel to the object. By using this eye level technique, the resulting image will show the capture of the eyes of people standing parallel to the object. The height and size of the object will match the subject, so this technique is commonly referred to as a normal shot.

6. Bird Eyes

The bird’s eye technique is a technique by positioning the cameraman above a height like the point of view of a bird in flight. The resulting image will appear to show the surrounding environment more broadly and other objects around the object will appear in a smaller size.

7. Slanted

This technique uses a non-frontal angle from the front or side of the object. However, this technique will take a 45 degree angle to the object. As a result, other objects will be included in the captured frame.

So many explanations about the shooting technique based on image size and based on the shooting angle. Hopefully this article can help you learn shooting techniques, so you can take good photos or videos according to your wishes. For those of you who want to learn more about photography, you can read various books available at sinaumedia.com. As #FriendsWithoutLimits, we are always ready to provide the most complete information for those of you who want to gain knowledge.