Lord William Thomson Kelvin

Lord William Thomson Kelvin
British scientist William Thomson Kelvin, Baron Kelvin of Largs (1824 - 1907). (Photo by Herbert Barraud/Getty Images)

Lord William Thomson Kelvin  is a physicist, mathematician, inventor (owns 70 patents), professor, author, and president of the Royal Society. He was born in Belfast, Ireland, on June 26, 1824. He received the Lordship title from Queen Victoria.

Lord William Thomson Kelvin

Because of the intelligence of Lord William Thomson Kelvin , at the age of 10 he entered university. At 15 years of age,  William Thomson Kelvin won a gold medal for his essay entitled “An Essay on the Shape of the Earth”. At 17, he earned a BA from Cambridge University and was appointed professor at the age of 22 at the University of Glasgow.

Karya Lord William Thomson Kelvin

In 1841, when he was 17 years old, William studied at Cambridge University. He graduated in 1845 and obtained a BA (Bachelor Degree) with satisfactory scores. That same year, he studied the work of George Green (which applies mathematics to electricity and magnetism) and the work of the physicist and chemist, Michael Faraday (the use of magnets in creating electricity and how electric currents give off magnetic fields).

In 1846, at the age of 22, Thomson became a professor of physics (formerly known as natural philosophy) at the University of Glasgow. He held this post for 53 years, despite numerous offers to teach elsewhere. When Thomson became professor of physics, physics covered a wide range of topics and there were almost no ties connecting the topics. However, in the works of Fourier, Faraday, and Green, he begins to see a unity. He himself was able to determine mathematically the relationship between fluid motion and electric flow. This idea he got from the work of Fourier, when he was 16 years old.

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In 1848,  William Thomson Kelvin proposed his absolute temperature scale. Zero degrees on the Kelvin scale (his last name) is absolute zero, because the temperature is the lowest one can expect, where the object no longer radiates the slightest bit of heat. He became wealthy and famous after inventing the Kelvin galvanometer and siphon recorder that could pick up weak electrical signals and succeeded in installing telegraph cables at the bottom of the Atlantic Ocean connecting the Americas and the European Continents by Lord William Thomson Kelvin .

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