# difference between ac current and dc current

## Difference between AC Current and DC Current

When it comes to electricity, two of the most important terms you’ll hear are AC and DC current. AC stands for Alternating Current while DC stands for Direct Current. Understanding these two types of current is vital in many industries, including engineering, telecommunications, and electronics.

### What is AC Current?

AC Current, also known as Alternating Current, is a type of current that changes direction periodically. This means that the direction of the current flow switches back and forth at regular intervals. In an AC circuit, the voltage periodically reverses direction, changing from positive to negative and back again many times per second. The rate at which the voltage changes direction is measured in Hertz (Hz). The standard electrical supply in homes and businesses is typically AC.

### What is DC Current?

On the other hand, DC Current, also known as Direct Current, only flows in one direction. In a DC circuit, the voltage always flows in the same direction. DC is often used in battery-powered devices and electronic circuits. DC power supplies are widely used for electronic devices because they provide a steady and reliable source of voltage.

### Their Differences

The biggest difference between AC and DC current is the direction of the current flow. AC current changes direction periodically, while DC current only flows in one direction. Additionally, the voltage of AC current alternates while the voltage of DC current remains constant.

AC current is usually generated by an alternator, while DC current is typically produced by batteries and fuel cells. AC current can be transformed into different voltages using a transformer, while DC voltage cannot.

Finally, AC current is safer than DC current because it is less likely to cause electrical shock. This is because the frequency of the current in AC circuits is much higher than the frequency of the current in DC circuits. As a result, the human body is less susceptible to the effects of AC current compared to DC current.

### Conclusion

In summary, AC and DC current differ in terms of their direction of flow, voltage fluctuations, and safety. The choice of which type of current to use depends on the application and the electrical device. AC current is the most common type of current used in homes and businesses, while DC current is most often used in battery-powered devices and electronic circuits. Nonetheless, both forms of current are important and have their strengths and weaknesses that should be considered when selecting the correct current for specific applications.