Surah Al Maidah verse 2 – Every verse of the Al-Quran certainly has its own meaning and each of these meanings can always be used as a guide for life for Muslims. One of the verses that is full of the meaning of life is Surah Al Maidah verse 2. Then, what content is in that verse?
Verses of Surah Al Maidah
يٰٓاَيُّهَا الَّذِيْنَ اٰمَنُوْا لَا تُحِلُّوْا شَعَاۤىِٕرَ اللّٰهِ وَلَا الشَّهْرَ الْحَرَامَ وَلَا الْهَدْيَ وَلَا الْقَلَاۤىِٕدَ وَلَآ اٰۤمِّيْنَ الْبَيْتَ الْحَرَامَ يَبْتَغُوْنَ فَضْلًا مِّنْ رَّبِّهِمْ وَرِضْوَانًا ۗوَاِذَا حَلَلْتُمْ فَاصْطَادُوْا ۗوَلَا يَجْرِمَنَّكُمْ شَنَاٰنُ قَوْمٍ اَنْ صَدُّوْكُمْ عَنِ الْمَسْجِدِ الْحَرَامِ اَنْ تَعْتَدُوْۘا وَتَعَاوَنُوْا عَلَى الْبِرِّ وَالتَّقْوٰىۖ وَلَا تَعَاوَنُوْا عَلَى الْاِثْمِ وَالْعُدْوَانِ ۖوَاتَّقُوا اللّٰهَ ۗاِنَّ اللّٰهَ شَدِيْدُ الْعِقَابِ
Yaaa ayyuhal ladziina aamanuu laa tuhillu shaawa ‘oral laahi wa lash Shahrul Haraama wa lal hadya wa lal qalaaa’ida wa laa aaammiinal Baital Haraama yabtaghuuna fadlam mir Rabbihim wa ridwana; waidza halaltum fastaaduu; walaa yajrimannakum syana aanu
Meaning: “O you who believe! Do not violate the symbols of the sanctity of Allah, and do not (break the honor) of the sacred months, do not (disturb) hadyu (sacrificial animals) and qalaid (marked sacrificial animals), and do not (also) disturb people -people who visit Baitul Haram; they seek the grace and pleasure of their Lord. But when you have finished ihram, then you may hunt. Don’t let your hatred) towards a people because they hinder you from the Masjid Al Haram, pushing you to do beyond (to them). And help you in (doing) virtue and piety, and do not help each other in sin and enmity. Fear Allah, indeed, Allah is very severe in punishment.”
Information about QS. Al-Maidah
Surah Al Maidah verse 2 is a verse about helping each other. Also about some restrictions. Surah Al Maidah (المائدة) includes madaniyah. Imam Ahmad narrated that this letter was sent down when the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wasallam was riding a camel. The camel’s thigh almost broke because of the weight of the revelation that the Prophet received.
In this verse 2, there are a number of rules that Allah sent down, starting from the prohibition against violating the symbols of Allah, the prohibition against violating the honor of the sacred month, to the prohibition of committing persecution. Then, the most popular is that this verse commands mutual assistance in virtue and piety and prohibits mutual assistance in sins and transgressions.
Surah Al Maidah consists of 120 verses; including the Madaniyyah letter group. Even though there is a verse that was revealed in Mecca, this verse was revealed after the Prophet Muhammad SAW. Migration to Medina, that is at the time of pilgrimage wada’.
This letter is called Al Maidah (dish) because it contains the story of the loyal followers of Prophet Isa as asking Prophet Isa as that Allah sends down for them Al Maidah (food dish) from the sky (verse 112). In addition, it is called Al Uqud (covenant), because the word is found in the first verse of this sura, where Allah orders His servants to fulfill their pre-faithful promises to Allah and the agreements they make with each other.
It is also called Al Munqidz (the one who saves), because at the end of this letter there is a story about Prophet Isa as the savior of his loyal followers from the punishment of Allah.
Interpretation of Surah Al Maidah Verse 2
This verse contains Allah’s laws relating to the procedures for carrying out the pilgrimage. O you who believe! Do not violate the symbols of the sanctity of Allah, namely all the practices that are carried out in carrying out the pilgrimage such as the procedures for performing tawaf and sa’i, as well as the places where they are performed, such as the Kaaba, Safa and Marwah, do not violate them by hunting when in a state of ihram and also do not violate the honor of the forbidden months, namely the months of Zulkaidah, Zulhijjah, Muharram and Rajab, nor do you violate his honor by fighting in those months except to defend yourself when attacked.
Do not also disturb the hadyu, namely sacrificial animals that are given to the Kaaba to get closer to Allah, these animals are slaughtered in unclean land and their meat is given to the poor, and qalaid, sacrificial animals that are marked, garlanded with rope as a sign indicating that the animal has been prepared to be sacrificed and presented as a gift, and also do not disturb people who visit the Baitul Haram, to perform the Hajj or Umrah pilgrimage, they are seeking gifts in the form of worldly benefits, and the pleasure of rewards in the form of rewards from their Lord.
However, if you have finished ihram, then you may hunt if you wish. Do not let the hatred of some of you towards a people because they prevent you from visiting the Grand Mosque, so that it encourages you to go beyond their limits by killing them or committing crimes against them.
Help each other in doing good, doing what Allah has commanded, and be pious, fearing what is forbidden, and do not help each other in committing sins, committing immorality and enmity, for doing so violates Allah’s laws.
Fear Allah, fear Allah by carrying out His commands, and leave His prohibitions, because indeed Allah is very severe in His punishment for those who disobey Him.
According to the history of Ibn Juraij and Ikrimah, that a man named al-Khatam al-Bakri came to Medina on a camel carrying food. After selling the food he met the Prophet, then committed himself to Islam.
After he turned away, the Prophet noticed him and said to his companions who were there: “He came to me with a lying face and turned his back on me like a fraud. “After al-Khatam arrived in Yamamah, then he apostatized from Islam. Next, in the month of Zulkaidah, he came out again with his camel to sell food to Mecca. When the Prophet’s companions heard this news, several people from the Muhajirin and Ansar group, prepared to go out to chase him in the middle of the road, then this second verse was revealed. In the end they didn’t do it.
Meaning of Surah Al Maidah Verse 2 Please Help
Quoted from the book ‘ Woman’s Dream of Heaven ‘ published by WahyuMedia, the reading “help you in (doing) goodness and piety, and don’t help each other in committing sins and transgressions. And fear Allah, verily Allah is very severe in punishment” has orders to help fellow human beings.
Meanwhile, the purpose of helping each other is in doing what Allah has commanded and leaving what He has forbidden. Fear Allah SWT and always obey Him.
In Surah Al Maidah verse 2 there are also forbidden months. In this case, the forbidden months in question are the months of Zulkaidah, Zulhijjah, Muharram and Rajab. In that month it is forbidden to fight, except to defend oneself when attacked by enemies.
The Goodness Contained in Surah Al Maidah Verse 2
There are a number of goodness contained in Surah Al Maidah Verse 2:
- No hate or grudges. Let forgive the evil of others and repay with good deeds.
- Live together and help and help in goodness.
Asbabun Nuzul (Causes) Surah Al Maidah Verse 2
Shaykh Wahbah Az Zuhaili in Tafsir Al Munir wrote about these two narrations of asbabun nuzul Surah Al Maidah verse 2. First, Ibn Jarir At Tabari narrated from Ikrimah. He said Al Haitham bin Hindun Al Bakri came to Medina with his caravan that transported food and then sold it.
Then, he came to the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wasallam, paid allegiance to him and converted to Islam. When Al Haitham was leaving, the Prophet looked at him and then said to his companions who were with him, “Indeed he entered to meet me with the face of a person who behaved badly and he left with the nape of a traitor who was cunning and deceitful.”
What happened then happened exactly as the Prophet said. Then, when he arrived at Yamamah, Al Haitham apostatized. In the month of Dzulqa’dah, Al Hatham went to Mecca with his caravan to sell food. When the Companions of the Prophet heard this news, they prepared to go on a ambush and capture Al Haitham and his curves.
Then, Allah sent down Surah Al Maidah verse 2. The friends discouraged them. Second, Ibn Abi Hatim narrated from Zaid bin Aslam. He said the Prophet and his companions were in Hudaibiyah when they were intercepted by polytheists from entering the Grand Mosque. This incident became a heavy blow to the friends.
Then, they met a number of polytheists from the east who were about to perform Umrah. The friends said, “Let’s drive them out as they have driven us out.” Then Allah Subhanahu wa Ta’ala revealed this verse.
Content in Surah Al Maidah Verse 2
In the second verse of Al Maidah, Allah explains to those who believe; Six important prohibitions that must not be violated are:
1. Breaking God’s Prohibitions
Violating Allah’s prohibitions, namely violating the practices and provisions set by Allah in the pilgrimage and others.
The first point of Surah Al Maidah verse 2 is the prohibition against violating the symbols of Allah.
يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آَمَنُوا لَا تُحِلُّوا شَعَائِرَ اللَّهِ
Meaning: “O you who believe, do not violate the syi’ar-syi’ar of Allah,”
Ibn Abbas said that the meaning of Sya’airullah (شعائر الله) in this verse is the rituals of Hajj. Meanwhile, another opinion that Ibn Kathir also included in his commentary, the symbols of Allah are all that Allah has forbidden.
So the interpretation is, don’t justify things that are forbidden by Allah Subhanahu wa Ta’ala. Buya Hamka in Tafsir Al Azhar explains, shaa allah (شعائر الله) are the pillars of religion.
2. Violating the Honor of the Haram Month
Violating the honor of the forbidden months, namely the months of Zulkaidah, Zulhijah, Muharam and Rajab, which are prohibited in these months of fighting except in self-defence because of being attacked.
The second point of Surah Al Maidah verse 2 is the prohibition against violating the honor of the sacred month.
وَلَا الشَّهْرَ الْحَرَامَ
Meaning: “and do not violate the honor of the forbidden months,”
In other words, one must respect and acknowledge his majesty and leave the things that God forbade at that time. For example fighting and committing tyranny.
There are four of these forbidden months as the words of the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wasallam, namely:
إِنَّ الزَّمَانَ قَدِ اسْتَدَارَ كَهَيْئَتِهِ يَوْمَ خَلَقَ اللَّهُ السَّمَوَاتِ وَالأَرْضَ ، السَّنَةُ اثْنَا عَشَرَ شَهْرًا مِنْهَا ، أَرْبَعَةٌ حُرُمٌ ، ثَلاَثٌ مُتَوَالِيَاتٌ ، ذُو الْقَعْدَةِ وَذُو الْحِجَّةِ وَالْمُحَرَّمُ وَرَجَبُ مُضَرَ الَّذِى بَيْنَ جُمَادَى وَشَعْبَانَ
Meaning: “Indeed, the era rotates as it was on the day Allah created the heavens and the earth; one year is 12 months. Four of these months are sacred months, three of which are consecutive, namely Dzulqa’dah, Dzulhijjah, and Muharram. As well as Rajab mudhar which falls between Juamada and Sha’ban.” (Narrated by Bukhari)
3. Disturbing the hadyu animals
Disturbing the hadyu animals, namely camels, oxen and the like, goats, sheep and the like which are presented to the Kaaba to get closer to Allah, are slaughtered in unclean land and their meat is given to the poor.
The third point of Surah Al Maidah verse 2 is the prohibition against disturbing hadya and qalaid.
وَلَا الْهَدْيَ وَلَا الْقَلَائِدَ
Meaning: “don’t (disturb) the hadyu animals and qalaaid animals,”
Al Hadyu (الهدي) are animals such as camels, cows or goats that are presented to Baitullah. According to the majority of scholars, this is general in nature and includes all animals that are slaughtered and given as charity to draw closer to Allah.
Al qalaaid (القلائد) is an al hadyu animal marked with a necklace. Namely al hadyu sunnah, vows, qiran or tamattu’. Meanwhile, the obligatory al hadyu is not marked with a necklace.
4. Disturbing People Visiting Baitullah
Obstructing and disturbing people who visit Baitullah to seek Allah’s bounty (provisions) such as trading and seeking His pleasure, namely performing Hajj and Umrah.
The fourth point of Surah Al Maidah verse 2 is the prohibition against disturbing visitors to the Baitullah.
Meaning: “and do not (also) disturb those who visit the Baitullah while they are seeking grace and the pleasure of their Lord.”
The point is don’t bother them, don’t get in their way. Including traders who come to Baitullah to seek His gifts. Initially, through this verse Allah forbids the believers from preventing anyone from coming to the Baitullah even though he is a polytheist.
Then this verse is mansukh with other verses which prohibit polytheists from coming to the Grand Mosque.
يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آَمَنُوا إِنَّمَا الْمُشْرِكُونَ نَجَسٌ فَلَا يَقْرَبُوا الْمَسْجِدَ الri.
Meaning: “O you who believe, Verily the polytheists are unclean, so do not approach the Grand Mosque after this year…” (QS. At Taubah: 28)
This verse also contains the jurisprudence of Hajj. Buya Hamka in his Tafsir Al Azhar explained, “This verse shows that doing business during Hajj with the intention of giving up shopping is not prohibited. As long as it’s not commerce that is the goal of humans, hajj becomes a part-time job.”
According to the jumhur, those who cannot be hindered are the believers, while the disbelievers are no longer allowed to enter the illegitimate land according to the word of Allah:
“O you who believe, actually those who are polytheists are unclean (souls), therefore they should not approach the Grand Mosque after this year.” (at-Taubah/9:28).
Furthermore, the verse explains that after tahallul has been completed, it means that after completing the Hajj or Umrah pilgrimage, it is permissible to hunt outside the haraam lands while it is still not permissible on the haraam lands, it is forbidden to uproot the plants and disturb the animals they hunt, to abuse anyone who obstructs them. blocking the entrance to the Grand Mosque, just as the polytheists hindered the believers from carrying out the umrah stipulated in the peace of Hudaibiyah.
Then, the last part of this verse obliges believers to help each other in doing good and pious, for their interests and happiness. It is forbidden to help one another in committing sins and transgressions and to command one to remain pious to Allah in order to avoid His very severe torment.
5. Prohibition of Hunting During Hajj
The fifth point of Surah Al Maidah verse 2 is the prohibition of hunting during Hajj.
وَإِذَا حَلَلْتُمْ فَاصْطَادُوا
Meaning: “and when you have completed the pilgrimage, then it is permissible to hunt.”
Ibn Kathir explains its meaning. “If you have finished ihram and have had tahalul, We allow you to do things that were forbidden to you during ihram, such as hunting.”
However, hunting that is permissible is hunting outside the Grand Mosque. While hunting in the Grand Mosque remains prohibited. This was stated by Sayyid Qutb in Tafsir Fi Zhilalil Qur’an .
6. Prohibition of Persecution
The sixth point of Surah Al Maidah verse 2 is the prohibition of mistreating even those who hinder them from the Grand Mosque.
Meaning: “And never let your hatred) towards a people because they hinder you from the Grand Mosque, encourage you to do wrong (to them).”
That is – wrote Ibn Kathir in his commentary, “never let your hatred of a people encourage you to leave the norms of justice.” Sayyid Qutb explained, this is the pinnacle of soul control and heart tolerance. “This is the peak that must be climbed and achieved by the people who are assigned by their God to lead people and educate humanity… This is the responsibility of leadership and witness to humans,” he explained.
7. Obligation to Help
The seventh point of Surah Al Maidah verse 2 is the obligation to help each other in virtue and piety.
Meaning: “And help you in (doing) virtue and piety, and do not help each other in committing sins and transgressions.”
In this verse, Allah says the command to help each other in virtue and piety. On the contrary, He forbade helping each other in sin and transgression. Shaykh Wahbah Az Zuhaili explained, al birr (البر) is all the commands and prohibitions of the Shari’a or anything that the heart feels calm and comfortable with.
Al Itsm (الإثم) is anything that is prohibited by the Shari’a or something that the heart is angry with, does not want other people to see and know about it. While al udwan (العدوان) is a violation of the rights of others.
8. Orders of Taqwa
The order of taqwa closes Surah Al Maidah verse 2.
وَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ إِنَّ Allah, شَدِيدُ الْعِقَابِ
Meaning: “And fear Allah, verily Allah is very severe in punishment.”
Taqwa is what summarizes everything and is the key to salvation from His doom.
Thus the discussion of the letter Al Maidah verse 2 . Hopefully all the discussion above can provide benefits for Sinaumed’s.
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Author: Yufi Cantika Sukma Divine