Meaning of Innovation – In life, of course we want something that develops. Because a stagnant life and that’s all will be boring. Therefore, there are times when we need something new and challenging. Something new can be called innovation. In life, there are many innovations that can be applied.
Either in terms of education, business, community, or in other fields. Innovation will be greatly needed in order to obtain something new and better. If you want to learn the meaning of innovation more, then in this article it will be explained about it. So, read the article to the end to get an insight into what innovation is.
The Meaning of Innovation According to Some Figures
1. According to Nurdin (2016)
According to Nurdin, the definition of innovation is something new, which is introduced and carried out by a new practice or process (either goods or services) or it can also be something new but the result of adoption from other organizations.
2. According to Sa’ud (2014)
Then according to Sa’ud, innovation is a creative choice, arrangement, as well as a set of people with new material resources, and also using unique ways to produce improvements on achievements that have been the previous goal.
3. According to Kuniyoshi Urabe
According to Kuniyoshi Urabe, innovation is not meant as a one-time phenomenon, but something that requires a long and cumulative process. Among them is the decision-making process by the members of the organization, starting from the discovery of ideas or ideas up to the marketing target.
4. Van de ven, Andrew H
According to Van de ven, Andrew H, innovation is the development as well as the implementation of new ideas carried out by a person in a certain period of time with various specific transaction activities in the organization.
5. Stephen Robbins
Further, according to Stephen, innovation is a new idea or idea which is applied in order to initiate and renew a product, process, or service that has existed before.
6. Everett M Rogers
Then according to Rogers, the meaning of innovation is ideas, objects, ideas, and practices that are based on and accepted as something new, either by a person or a group to be applied or adopted.
What Are the Characteristics of Innovation?
The first characteristic of innovation is newness. Because everything that is created because of this innovation is something that has not existed before, or is perfecting something that already exists. This new concept was created from a hard thought towards the maximum utilization of existing SDA without reducing its function and role.
The new innovation also means that the pure idea has never been used by anyone. Although it has been there before, it means that it was adopted because it was suitable as a solution.
An innovation will be planned according to the desired conditions. This is important because it will affect the future. Because it is done on purpose, innovation is done with mature, clear, and carefully planned processes and preparations, so that the process is not rushed. Without planning, of course everything can cause disappointment.
The third characteristic of innovation is special. As something new, innovation will have its own characteristics. Even though it is the result of adoption, there must be a peculiarity that emerges. With application in a new place, innovation will create its own uniqueness, even if it starts with adoption.
4. Have a clear purpose
Finally, the characteristic of innovation is the existence of a clear purpose. Based on clear knowledge, there will be certain objects that are studied and want to be developed. That way, the direction and purpose of the innovation was clear beforehand. Without a clear object, innovation can be mistargeted and not implemented well. It may even fail to be implemented.
Benefits of Innovation
1. Provide solutions to solve problems
One of the benefits of innovation is being able to solve problems. Something new can replace the old thing that feels full of problems. The presence of new ideas and ideas makes every problem that exists can be solved well. Especially for product problems, if there is an old product that can no longer be marketed, innovation must be done in order to re-engage the public’s interest in the product in the market.
2. Increase a person’s productivity
By thinking of new ideas and ideas, it means that a person will take the time to use his brilliant mind. Not only thoughts, but innovation will also grow when someone conducts experiments or research. So that by innovating, it means that the person has also taken advantage of the time to remain productive in working and creating. And this can also be done by many people, be it the boss, his employees, students or lecturers.
3. Increase toughness
Someone who innovates tends to have the ability to take advantage of their intelligence. That is, it is also tough, because in order to produce an innovation, the person must adapt to new problems and think about the solution to the problem.
4. Can produce something unique
Innovation can produce or even create unique and quality things. Especially people who have innovation belong to qualified people. What’s more, when the innovation he makes is successfully realized, it means he can produce something new and different from what already exists.
That is the benefit of innovation. Of course, innovating will also be beneficial for someone in improving his quality. Because innovation is born from ideas and brilliant ideas from the results of one’s thoughts and experiments.
Purpose of Innovation
1. Improve quality
The main purpose of innovation is to improve the quality of something, both products and services. Innovation that comes with new ideas and ideas is expected to be able to make a product or service much more valuable and quality than before.
2. Widen the network
With its novelty, it is hoped that a product or service can reach more markets. Innovation is also expected to be able to expand the business wings of an enterprise. Like the e-commerce businesses that are growing widely these days. The reach of innovative products will certainly also be wider, because the public likes something new.
3. Can create new markets
Innovation on the results of a product or service, will be able to give an opportunity to open a new market. The opportunity for unique and interesting things, especially those that have never existed before, is certainly wide open.
4. Be a replacement for the previous product
With innovation, then existing products can be replaced with new ones. Especially if the previous product or service was not effective and efficient, innovation can be born to make the product or service even better than before.
Forms of Innovation and Examples
1. Technological Innovation
The first form of innovation is innovation in the field of technology. Where this innovation was born to provide convenience for humans in doing various daily activities. The fastest growing innovation in technology is social media. In the past, social media could be enjoyed in a very limited way, but now its development is very rapid.
With the rapid globalization and the discoveries of experts, social media comes with features that greatly facilitate communication between people. Like Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, Whatsapp, YouTube and other social media. Now everyone can communicate both through audio and audio visual with various people from far away places.
2. Transportation Innovation
Second, there is innovation in the field of transportation. Where means of transportation are now increasingly easy to find. In addition to product innovation, such as the presence of electric cars and motorcycles, as well as environmentally friendly ones because they do not require gasoline, there are still many other innovations. Transportation services have also undergone changes for the better.
If people used to find it difficult to travel quickly because they had to wait for other passengers, now there are online taxis that can be ordered in person. In fact, the development of online ojek is also very rapid, reaching the point of ordering a grab car which is much easier to do. This online ojek and grab car is an example of innovation that is present as a solution in the middle of the transportation problems experienced by the community. So it is not surprising when the community welcomes it with enthusiasm.
3. Educational Innovation
In the world of education, innovation also plays a role. One of them can be seen from the introduction of anti-corruption curriculum in schools. This is certainly started by the rampant corruption practices in Indonesia. With massive education through anti-corruption learning in schools, it is hoped that the corruption that occurs can be reduced. The new curriculum is the result of collaboration between the Ministry of Education and Culture and the KPK.
4. Public Service Innovation
Further there is innovation in the field of public service. There are many public services that are now easier to do since there are innovations in various fields. Like services that used to only be done manually, can now be done online.
The emergence of technology provides opportunities for various public services to be done easily. Various services that require transactions can also be done without coming directly to the public service office. This changes the public’s view of bureaucracy which has been considered a scary specter.
5. Health Innovation
Further there is innovation in the field of health. In this field there are many things that can be done. Many new discoveries can improve public health. One of them is when the corona virus becomes a pandemic. He created the Peduli Lindungi application which aims to detect a person’s journey so that when there is an indication of covid, his whereabouts can be immediately known.
6. Crowdfunding Innovation
Innovation in the field of Crowdfunding is one of the innovations that moves in the social field. This innovation provides services in the form of appeals for funds directly to the community. An example is when someone is involved in a charity organization, such as an organization that rescues stray cats.
In building an organization, of course, a lot of funds are needed. Especially to keep wild cats which are not small in number. So the organization can open donations or charities through various platforms such as Kitabisa.com, NUcare, and other digital platforms in order to get fundraising from donors out there. Well, this part of fundraising that can be done online has become a new innovation that is very beneficial for many people.
7. Governance Innovation
At number seven there is innovation in the field of government. There are many new ideas and ideas that have emerged in running the government. Especially innovations that emerge from various societal problems. The government certainly faces many challenges to solve the thousands of complaints and problems experienced by its people.
Therefore, new thinking is needed to overcome these things. But of course there will be loopholes for the community to disagree with new innovations from the government. For example in the policy of making NPWP and SIM extension which can be done online.
It turned out that it actually gave birth to very complicated rules and procedures. So when you want to apply an innovation in the field of government, it must be done carefully and requires a long enough process.
8. Entrepreneurial Innovation
Further there is innovation in the field of entrepreneurship. Well, in this field there are many types of innovation. Starting from the innovation of food products, clothing, boards, and various other products. In the field of entrepreneurship, the community has a wide opportunity to be able to produce more interesting and unique innovations than existing products.
In the culinary or food business, for example, the types of snacks from the past, if they are made again with the innovation of a much better taste, will certainly sell well in the market. Especially now that there are a lot of foods from the past that are sold on the side of the road.
This will certainly make the community want to return to nostalgia with old-time snacks that are now rare. For example, such as egg rolls, puthu cake, leker, and so on. In addition to old-time snacks, there are also many innovations in food products with instant packaging.
Where people can make it themselves at home when they want without having to queue to buy it. Examples are instant meatballs, instant noodles, and various types of frozen food that are very easy to store. The food is also long-lasting and can be stored back in the fridge or freezer to be cooked again at another time.