Septic tanks are an essential component of many homes, especially those in rural areas where municipal sewage is not available. They are an effective way to dispose of household waste and wastewater in areas where there is no access to a central sewer system. However, the traditional septic systems take up a lot of space, and they are not suitable for small yards. Efficient septic tank solutions have been developed for such situations, and they come in various types to cater to different needs. In this article, we will explore the various efficient septic tank solutions suited for small yards.
Types of efficient septic tank systems
1. Conventional septic tank
The conventional septic tank system is a standard option utilized in most areas around the world. It consists of a large tank that serves as a reservoir where wastewater and solids are stored for digestion and breakdown. The effluent is then discharged into a drain field, a specific area of a yard designed to absorb the effluent.
Despite being an effective way of processing wastewater, traditional septic tanks consume a lot of space, making them impractical for small yards. However, innovative technologies have been developed to minimize the space required while still providing efficient septic services.
2. Alternating drainfield systems
It is a technology employed in areas where soil absorption systems are not practical due to high groundwater levels, soil that has poor percolation rates, or systems that have failed in the past. The concept behind alternating drainfield systems is to make use of two or more drainage fields that produce the same function. The primary drain field receives the effluent from the septic tank until it reaches a specific level, where the system switches to the secondary drain field. After the secondary field reaches its defined effluent level, the primary drain field comes back in use.
This pattern of alternative use makes the two fields capable of accommodating the same amount of wastewater as a large single field would. Therefore, less space becomes necessary to establish the entire system, making it suitable for small yards.
3. Mound systems
A mound system is an above-ground sewage disposal system. It is used to treat wastewater when the soil is poor and cannot absorb the effluent effectively. Mound systems consist of an excavated or previously developed sand filter bed raised above the natural ground level. Sand, gravel, and soil are layered above the filter bed to create the mound. The wastewater from the home is pumped to the mound through a series of pipes, where it is treated as it passes through the different layers of sand and gravel.
Mound systems allow for the absorption of treated wastewater in a specifically designed and engineered environment hence are considered safer and more efficient than traditional septic systems. They require less yard space compared to the conventional septic tank systems, making them ideal for small yards.
4. Aerobic treatment units
Septic tanks employ anaerobic bacteria to decompose waste. The aerobic unit works on the same principle but uses aerobic bacteria that require oxygen to decompose waste. This process yields a cleaner effluent.
Aerobic treatment units are small, compact and can be installed underground, making them ideal for small yards. The treated effluent is often disinfected with chlorination before being released into the soil.
These systems are generally more expensive to install than conventional septic tanks, but they can be more efficient in treating wastewater, hence worth investing in for long-term sustainability.
5. Recirculating Sand Filter systems
Recirculating sand filter systems are an effective method of treating wastewater. This system operates by passing the effluent from a septic tank through a bed of sand, where bacteria and other micro-organisms in the sand help break down the waste.
These systems are compact, making them perfect for small yards. They are capable of treating larger amounts of wastewater than traditional septic systems, and they are also known to produce a cleaner effluent.
Q: How Often Should I Pump My Septic Tank?
A: Regular maintenance, including the pumping of your septic tank, is one of the most critical aspects of keeping your system running smoothly. You should, therefore, pump your septic tank at least once every three years.
Q: What Are the Signs That My Septic System May Be Failing?
A: The signs of a failing septic system typically range from unpleasant odors coming from your drain or yard, slow draining showers or sinks, toilets taking longer to flush, and standing water in and around the drain field, among other signs.
Q: Can I Install a Septic Tank System Myself?
A: Installing a septic tank system is a job for experienced professionals who understand the site and soil conditions, local regulations, and the equipment necessary for a successful installation. Installing a septic tank system yourself is not advisable as you may end up creating more problems than solutions.
Efficient septic tank systems are essential for maintaining a clean and healthy home, especially in areas where municipal sewage systems are not available. For small yards, these systems are indispensable, as they help to make maximum use of limited space, while still providing efficient and effective services. With the above-listed efficient septic tank systems, homeowners can have a reliable and sustainable wastewater treatment program that is safe, environmentally friendly, and user-friendly. Contact a licensed technician for insight and installation services.